So Here’s What Astrology Taught Us About Ourselves in the 2010s—and What to Do Next with Those Life Lessons

The 2010s have been a wild ride! We’ve learned a lot about ourselves, others, and the world we live in. With the beginning of a new decade coming at us in a few weeks, let’s pause for a quick sec to reflect on all the life lessons that astrology has taught us (er, or at least has been trying to teach us). Oh, and then we can use that insight to casually become better versions of ourselves in the 2020s, NBD.

ARIES

This past decade has made you a force to be reckoned with. But what you’ve learned is that you don’t always have to fight to prove that you’re right. You’ll be entering a new dreamy phase of life, which will be totally different from your notoriously assertive demeanor. In fact, you will want to sit by the sidelines and not participate in the heated arguments.

TAURUS

You’ve been finding your place in the world for the last decade. In this time, you’ve focused your energy on evolving your vibe and mind. Now, you’re taking your words of wisdom to the masses. We’re talking self-help guru status, people! The world (or, um, your crew) will relate to your inspirational stories. Get ready to motivate.

GEMINI

Your career and cash flow was a source of frustration in the 2010s. But good news: the 2020s will bring a sense of clarity to your professional life. You’ve suffered from bad investments, unwise financial advice, and learned how to deal with problems on the career front. You’ll use these hard life lessons as wisdom and elevate yourself to baller status—never allowing yourself to make the same mistakes twice.

CANCER

You’ve been cautious about who you partner with, and afraid to lose control when it comes to love. The upcoming decade allows you to live your love life on the wild side and be extreme. Instead of safeguarding your heart, you’ll be full throttle. You’ll make strong declarations in love that will take you right out of your comfort zone.

LEO

Throughout the 2010s you’ve charmed others to get your way. But, um, in the next decade your flirtatious sentiments will backfire. You may decide to open up a committed relationship, take a break from your S.O., or have a tumultuous affair with a sidepiece. Love will be a bumpy ride. Relationships will start and end abruptly…and then restart. Think of this as your karma (sorry!).

VIRGO

You’ve opened your heart, wallet, and home to those you care about through the 2010s—without complaining. And you’re learning that it’s imperative for you to set some major boundaries in the 2020s with those in your immediate circle, otherwise you risk them taking advantage of you. You’ll even come to that realization during the mid-2020s, causing you to act out in all your interpersonal relationships.

LIBRA

It’s safe to say that love is always on your brain—and it has been for the past decade. But, in the 2020s you may become off-balanced, starry-eyed, and consumed with affairs of the heart—ignoring other obligations in the process. Before you drink the romantic Kool-Aid, make sure that you are in love with the person you’re with, not the idea of love itself.

SCORPIO

Your drive and desire for success in the 2010s has brought you to the top of your game. The 2020s encourage you to take a backseat from the throne and help others achieve notoriety. Your time in the sun is far from over—you’re just using your wisdom to help others gain fame, too. Think Oprah.

SAGITTARIUS

This upcoming decade is all about reaping what you sow. You’ve played with other people’s hearts and emotions for the past 10 years, and in the 2020s, relationships will be on-again and off-again, up and down, even sideways!

CAPRICORN

You spent the 2010s becoming a powerhouse. And all of your hard work will def bring you to the next level of your career (and tax bracket) in the 2020s. But you’re also chilling out and your desire to maintain big boss energy will take a backseat to building a home, not an empire.

AQUARIUS

Admit it: you’ve been dreaming of flexing your creative talents for most of the 2010s, and honing your skills in the meantime. Finally, your decade to shine is here! You’ll finally get to take centerstage and be recognized for whatever it is you’re doing under the spotlight.

PISCES

You’ve spent the better half of the 2010s trying to find yourself. What you’ll come to see in the next decade is that you need to heal yourself (on the inside, not just the outside) in order to elevate your spirit. This may mean require an emotional detox, JSYK. Old wounds from the past may come up in the process—try to be extra gentle with yourself.


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SPOILERS: What happened to Ellis in Emmerdale and why was Asan N'Jie sacked?

Following Asan N’Jie’s departure from the soap, Aaron Anthony will make his first appearance as Ellis Chapman on Emmerdale tonight.

When we last saw Ellis, he was working with his dad at the outdoor pursuit centre, and he left the village off-screen after Asan was sacked from the soap.

In scenes tonight, the character will return with a new face just in time to stop Al (Michael Wildman) and Billy (Jay Kontzle) taking a disagreement too far.

Ahead of his return to Emmerdale tonight, here’s a quick refresher on why Ellis left in the first place and why actor Asan was sacked.

What happened to Ellis in Emmerdale?

Billy was previously concerned about the fact that his brother was getting close to his manipulative father, so he got in contact with mum Jessie (Sandra Marvin) in Dubai, who set Ellis up with a job at her school.

Ellis then left the village in no time flat — and while he’s been away, Billy and Al have continued to butt heads.

Now that Ellis is coming back to the Dales, could he be about to learn more about what his dad’s been up to?

Why was Asan N’Jie sacked?

Asan was sacked from Emmerdale in September after an altercation at the TV Choice Awards with Jamie Lomas in which Asan threatened the Hollyoaks actor.

ITV released a statement at the time which read: ‘Emmerdale suspended Asan N’Jie yesterday pending further investigation into an incident at a central London hotel on Monday night.

‘ITV executives have met with him this morning and as a consequence Asan’s contract has been terminated with immediate effect.’

After the incident, Asan issued an apology for his behaviour saying: ‘My behaviour at the TV Choice Awards was completely unacceptable and very much out of character.

‘I sincerely apologise to everybody who has been affected especially Jamie Lomas, the whole Emmerdale team, our audience, ITV, my family, and the organisers of the TV Choice Awards. I am devastated, and accept full responsibility for my actions and I am determined to learn from this.’

On the subject of taking over the role, new cast member Aaron said: ‘Emmerdale is a cracking show with a brilliant cast that I’m over the moon to now be a part of. I know Ellis is a well loved character and I’m looking forward to continuing his journey and all that’s in store for him.’

Emmerdale is next on tonight at 7pm on ITV.

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What Courtney Act has been up to since RuPaul’s Drag Race season 6

Courtney Act stole the show (and a few hearts) on the sixth season of RuPaul’s Drag Race. The statuesque, Australian blonde made it into the top three on the hit VH1 show, but didn’t end up winning it all. Nevertheless, Act made quite the impression on viewers and even left RuPaul with his jaw hanging open on more than one occasion with her dazzling performances. 

Before catapulting to international fame on RuPaul’s Drag Race, Act had appeared on reality TV shows down under. She famously competed on season 1 of Australian IdolSince appearing on RuPaul’s Drag Race in 2013, Act has managed to stay busy, hosting The Bi Life, the UK’s first bisexual reality dating show, and co-running Wigs By Vanity, a wig line designed for drag queensAct has also managed to stay in the spotlight with appearances on Celebrity Big Brother UK and Dancing with the Stars Australia.

Courtney Act won Celebrity Big Brother: UK

Drag queen, entrepreneur and reality TV sensation Courtney Act hasn’t slowed down since rising to fame as a contestant on RuPaul’s Drag Race. In 2018, she appeared on season 21 of Celebrity Big Brother: UK and went on to win the show. The theme for that season was “Year of the Woman,” which Act, whose birth name is Shane Janek, said was “slightly ironic” considering her win. 

After winning the show, Act opened up to BBC about what the win meant to her saying, “My inspiration coming into the house was that teenage boy who didn’t quite know where he belonged or how he fitted in and feeling inspired by the Spice Girls – and not knowing what that meant but knowing if it was ok for them to be different then it was ok for me to be different. I guess it’s validation that it’s ok to be different.”

On Celebrity Big Brother: UK, Act was known for her diplomatic way of handling pre-conceived notions and fears that other contestants had about drag queens. Of transgender contestant India Willoughby, Act said, “I think the thing she struggled with is that people might see me and see her and think that we are the same thing. She’d never identified as a drag queen. Drag is more performance-based, hers is about gender identity. She was never a man but she had a male body.”

Courtney Act got her own late-night talk show

Even though Bianca Del Rio ultimately won season 6 of RuPaul’s Drag Race, Courtney Act had such a presence on the show — and then later on Dancing with the Stars Australia and Celebrity Big Brother: UK – that the multi-talented drag queen got her own late-night talk show. According to Out Magazine, The Courtney Act Show is set for Channel 4 in the UK and promises to be the world’s first “dragazine show.” 

In addition to celebrity interviews, Act’s show will feature other famous drag queens along with some of the elaborate musical numbers that made Act famous. According to the Irish Examiner, Channel 4’s commissioning editor for entertainment, Sarah Lazenby, gushed over Act’s “undeniable star power,” saying, “We are utterly delighted she has chosen to come to the channel to host the world’s first Dragazine show.

“Of the show, Act told the Irish Examiner,”You bring the open minds and I’ll bring the open bar and we’ll meet in the middle for a gay old time!” She added, ‘”This is my show and I say come on in, all you heroic misfits, those of you who are a bit chipped around the edges … I want to welcome you all.” At the time of this writing, a premiere date for the show has yet to be revealed. However, Out reports that the pilot was filmed in May 2018, so here’s hoping we get a taste of what the sensational “dragazine show” has in store very soon. 

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What a decade it's been! Reuters' best images of the last ten years

What a decade it’s been! From the most joyous occasions to the moments that shocked us, Reuters’ best images from the last ten years captured them all

From Prince William and Kate Middleton’s wedding to President Barack Obama watching the death of Osama bin Laden in the situation room, Reuters’ best pictures of the decade capture moments which still move us today.

Events of the last year, such as the horrific inferno which ravaged Notre Dame Cathedral in April or President Donald Trump’s visit to Korea’s the demilitarised zone, also make their way into the evocative gallery.

The war-ravaged Middle East, including ISIS fighters in Syria, and US soldiers in Afghanistan, is well-documented, as well as the Arab Spring in North Africa.

Nature’s power is displayed in a harrowing photo of tsunami waves crashing onto Japan in 2011 and in smoke billowing from a volcano in Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland, which brought European air travel to a standstill in 2010. 

And Usain Bolt’s swaggering glance back at his competitors in the Rio Olympics in 2016 is among the sporting moments, another image shows the fatal crash of Dan Wheldon at the IndyCar World Championship in Las Vegas in 2011.

2010

The Northern Lights are seen above the ash plume of a volcano in Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland, April 22, 2010. The eruptions caused travel chaos across Europe as air travel was disrupted on the continent for six days. Hundreds of planes were grounded due to dust and ash filling the sky and it caused the greatest air travel disruption since World War Two.

Pope Benedict XVI enters a building during his visit to Lambeth Palace in London, Britain, September 17, 2010. The Pope made history by becoming the first pontiff to step foot inside Lambeth Palace. Lambeth Palace, on the south bank of the River Thames, has been the London residence of archbishops of Canterbury since the 13th century. It acts as a home for the Archbishop and his family when in London and as the central office for his ministry.

2011 

Anti-government protesters celebrate inside Tahrir Square after the announcement of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s resignation in Cairo, Egypt, on February 11 2011. President Obama hailed the resignation of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak. ‘In stepping down, President Mubarak has responded to the Egyptian people’s hunger for change,’ he said. ‘Today belongs to the people of Egypt.’ Mubarak’s three decades of authoritarian rule ended when he handed power to the Egyptian military following 18 days of protests.

Rebels hold a young man at gunpoint, who they accuse of being a loyalist to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, between the towns of Brega and Ras Lanuf, Libya, March 3, 2011. The First Libyan Civil War started in 2011 between rebels and those lawyer to Colonel Gaddafi. The conflict was part of the wider Arab Spring, anti-government protests which shook north Africa and the Middle East in the early years of the decade. The unresolved issues of the First Libyan War led to the second civil war which still grips the nation today.

A wave approaches Miyako City from the Heigawa estuary in Iwate Prefecture after a magnitude 8.9 earthquake struck the area in Miyako, Japan, March 11, 2011. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the country and the fourth most powerful to ever be recorded globally. It killed nearly 16,000 people and caused food and water shortages to hundreds of thousands in the aftermath. The tsunami precipitated the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the most severe nuclear accident since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster

Britain’s Prince William and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, kiss on the balcony at Buckingham Palace, alongside bridesmaids Grace van Cutsem (left), Margarita Armstrong-Jones and pageboy Tom Pettifer, after their wedding in Westminster Abbey in London on April 29, 2011. When the couple kissed on the balcony of Buckingham Palace before the crowd, the world gasped in delight. But William’s three-year-old goddaughter Grace stole the show in this picture, famously covering her ears during the first public kiss as the crowd cheered.

U.S. President Barack Obama (2nd L) and Vice President Joe Biden (L), along with members of the national security team, receive an update on the mission against Osama bin Laden in the Situation Room of the White House, Washington, U.S., May 1, 2011. Obama watched on a TV screen with government officials as a commando gunned down bin Laden. Via a video camera fixed to the helmet of a U.S. Navy Seal, the leader of the free world saw the terror chief shot in the left eye. The footage of the battle in Bin Laden’s Pakistani hideout was said to show one of his wives acting as a human shield to protect him as he blasted away with an AK47 assault rifle. She died, along with three other men, including one of Bin Laden’s sons. Within hours, the Al Qaeda leader’s body was buried at sea.

U.S. Army soldiers from the 2nd Platoon, B battery 2-8 field artillery, fire a howitzer artillery piece at Seprwan Ghar forward fire base in Panjwai district, Kandahar province southern Afghanistan, June 12, 2011. Trump has made little secret of his desire to bring the 14,000 U.S. troops home from Afghanistan, where American troops have been deployed since a U.S.-led campaign overthrew the Taliban in 2001. But there are concerns among Afghan officials and U.S. national security aides about a U.S. withdrawal, with fears Afghanistan could be plunged into a new civil war that could herald a return of Taliban rule and allow international militants, including Islamic State, to find a refuge.

Anti-Gaddafi fighters fire a multiple rocket launcher near Sirte, previously one of Muammar Gaddafi’s last remaining strongholds in Libya on September 24, 2011. Colonel Gaddafi was captured by Libyan rebels, dragged from a drain in the city of Sirte and battered mercilessly, his face bloodied for all the world to see on mobile phone footage. Gaddafi was said to have been executed by his own personal golden gun which was held up in celebration by jubilant rebels and became a symbol of their victory.

The race car of driver Will Power (left) goes airborne during the IZOD IndyCar World Championship race at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway in Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S., October 16, 2011. Dan Wheldon (whose car is not pictured) died from fatal injuries. The father-of-two was catapulted helplessly into the air at 225mph before landing on a barrier.

2012

Men use ropes to try and right a supply truck overloaded with wheat straw, used as animal feed, along a road in Dargai, in the Malakand district, about 100 miles northwest of Pakistan’s capital Islamabad on April 13, 2012

The full moon rises through the Olympic Rings hanging beneath Tower Bridge during the London 2012 Olympic Games in Britain, August 3, 2012. The eyes of the world were firmly fixed on London, from the hundreds of thousands of visitors from around the globe who arrived to share the Olympic experience, to the billion plus people who tuned in to watch events unfold on TV. And they saw a united London, a city that rose to the occasion and has basked in the spotlight.

Lynn and Christopher McDonnell, the parents of seven-year-old Grace McDonnell, grieve near Sandy Hook Elementary after learning their daughter was one of 20 school children and six adults killed after a gunman opened fire inside the school in Newtown, Connecticut, U.S., December 14, 2012. Adam Lanza killed his mother then shot his way into the Newtown school before committing suicide. Lanza’s obsessions with firearms, death and mass shootings have been documented by police files, and investigators previously concluded the motive for the shootings may never be known.

2013

2014

Indians who are considered uncontacted by anthropologists, react to a plane flying over their community in the Amazon basin near the Xinane river in Brazil’s Acre State, Brazil, March 25, 2014. Leaders of the Ashaninka tribe, which shared territory with the tribe and other uncontacted ones, had asked the government and NGOs for help in controlling what they considered the encroachment of these tribes on their own area, stating that the movement of other tribes is caused by pressure from illegal logging across the border in Peru

ISIS fighters take part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province, Syria, June 30, 2014. ISIS took over the city, making it the capital of their so-called caliphate, until they were forced out by a US-led coalition in 2017. For three years, Raqqa saw some of ISIS’s worst abuses and grew into one of its main governance hubs, a centre for both its potent propaganda machine and its unprecedented experiment in jihadist statehood.

2015

British comedian known as Lee Nelson (unseen) throws banknotes at FIFA President Sepp Blatter as he arrives for a news conference after the Extraordinary FIFA Executive Committee Meeting at the FIFA headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland on July 20, 2015. The incident took place at the first meeting of the world governing body’s executive committee since its corruption crisis exploded. The meeting in Zurich had been called to allocate the date for a special Congress to elect a new president after Blatter’s announcement that he would step down. That decision followed mounting pressure on FIFA following a series of arrests, including seven FIFA officials in Zurich, following an FBI investigation and separate probes by Swiss authorities into the bidding for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.

2016

Air Force One carrying U.S. President Barack Obama and his family flies over a neighbourhood of Havana as it approaches the runway to land at Havana’s international airport, Cuba, March 20, 2016. Obama was the first sitting president in nearly 90 years to visit the island, in a trip that the White House said would ‘deepen’ America’s relationship with the authoritarian government following more than half a century of tension.

Paralympic gold medallist Oscar Pistorius walks across the courtroom without his prosthetic legs during the third day of the re-sentencing hearing for the 2013 murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp, at Pretoria High Court, South Africa on June 15, 2016. Pistorius shot dead Steenkamp in the early hours of Valentine’s Day in 2013 when he fired four times through the locked door of his bedroom toilet, later saying that he thought she was an intruder.

Doaa Elghobashy of Egypt and Kira Walkenhorst of Germany compete in the 2016 Rio Olympics Beach Volleyball Women’s Preliminary in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 8, 2016. The outfit of Elghobashy, who was covered from her head to her ankles, was in stark contrast to her German rival Walkenhorst who stuck to the sport’s traditional two-piece outfit for the clash. Although the International Volleyball Federation used to have standards regulating the size of uniforms, those were loosened heading into the London 2012 Olympics to allow full sleeves and leggings.

Usain Bolt of Jamaica looks at Andre De Grasse of Canada as they compete in the 2016 Rio Olympics, Men’s 100m Semifinals at the Olympic Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on August 14, 2016. Bolt had a predictably terrible start but came from behind to run it in in 9.81 seconds, overhauling drugs cheat Justin Gatlin, of the USA, who clocked 9.89, in the dying metres. Canada’s Andre de Grasse clinched the bronze medal in a personal best 9.91.

2017

U.S. President Donald Trump welcomes 11-year-old Frank Giaccio as he cuts the Rose Garden grass at the White House in Washington, U.S., September 15, 2017. When Trump walked out to meet the Virginia boy, Giaccio didn’t stop. He kept his safety goggles on and earplugs in, and kept pushing the Honda mower. ‘Wow! Great job, Frank! Great job!’ Trump said. Photographers and video camera operators laughed as Giaccio kept going and Trump was forced to walk alongside him – pronouncing his lawn-cutting ‘perfect’ and asking: ‘Have you done this before?’ Giaccio had written to the president and told him it would be his honour to mow the lawn.

2018 

White House Communications Director Hope Hicks leaves the U.S. Capitol after attending the House Intelligence Committee closed door meeting in Washington, U.S., February 27, 2018. President Donald Trump’s longtime aide Hicks declined to answer questions about her time in the White House during a nine-hour, closed-door interview with the House intelligence committee, saying she was advised not to. The panel was probing Russian interference in the 2016 election and any contacts between Trump’s campaign and Russia. Hicks was his spokeswoman during the 2016 presidential campaign and is now White House communications director.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel waits at the chancellery in Berlin, Germany on March 20, 2018 ahead of the visit to the German capital of Irish premier Leo Varadkar. Britain and the EU had earlier agreed a Brexit transition deal, however Mrs Merkel predicted that there would still be many challenges to overcome.

Britain’s Prince Harry gestures next to his wife Meghan as they ride a horse-drawn carriage after their wedding ceremony at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle in Windsor, Britain, May 19, 2018. Bride Meghan made her entrance in a stunning, elegant wedding gown by Clare Waight Keller for Givenchy as she arrived to marry Harry. Harry appeared to wait nervously at the altar of the church and could be seen mouthing to Meghan ‘You look amazing’ as they met at the altar, to which the bride replied ‘thank you.’

Film producer Harvey Weinstein arrives at Manhattan Criminal Court in New York, U.S., May 25, 2018. The 67-year-old mogul was charged with two counts of rape, a count of criminal sex act and two counts of predatory sexual assault for allegedly raping a woman in 2013 and sexually assaulting another in 2006. Weinstein’s case was seen as a watershed moment and followed from the Times Up and #MeToo movements which drew attention to powerful men abusing their positions with women

A lone tree, seen on July 20, 2018, still stands after some of the harshest few years of Australian history. Jimmie and May McKeown’s property is located on the outskirts of town in Walgett, rural New South Wales. All possible tracks lead to the single water trough, almost creating an abstract star around the lone provider of life.

Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May stands out from the crowd as she arrives for a family photo during the European Union leaders informal summit in Salzburg, Austria, September 20, 2018. Mrs May’s faltering Brexit negotiations with the Bloc appeared to be exposed by her frequently stilted interactions with her counterparts during her tenure. To many it symbolised the EU’s attitude towards Britain following the decision to leave the EU in June.

2019 

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro arrives at an inauguration ceremony of the new president of the Parliamentary Agricultural Front (FPA) in Brasilia, Brazil, February 19, 2019

Smoke billows as fire engulfs the spire of Notre Dame Cathedral shortly before its collapse in Paris, France on April 15, 2019. There was an outpouring of sympathy from around the world when much of the 850-year-old Cathedral has been ripped apart by the blaze. The Queen said she and Prince Philip were ‘deeply saddened’ to see the images of the flames bursting out of the Gothic building in a message to French President Emmanuel Macron. Macron for his part declared that he would rebuild the structure

US President Donald Trump meets with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the demilitarised zone separating the two Koreas, in Panmunjom, South Korea on June 30, 2019. ‘You’re the first U.S. president to cross this line,’ Kim told him, moments after Trump became the first American president to venture into North Korean territory. Trump announced after the meeting that in the ‘near future’ the two sides would be able to ‘get some good results after concrete negotiations’ – but with nothing tangible other than the commitment to resume talks.






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Software reveals what the world looks like through the eyes of animals

Bug-eyed: Cutting edge-software gives humans an ‘animal’s eye view’ of the world – but researchers warn it’s NOT like an Instagram filter

  • A computer programme has been created to visualise what various animals see  
  • It allows people to get an idea of what the world looks like for different creatures 
  • Designed for researchers to input their findings and see how it manifests itself  

Scientists have created a way for humans to see what the world looks like through the eyes of different animals. 

Researchers in Australia at the University of Queensland and a British team at the University of Exeter created a programme to shed light on the mysterious world.  

Understanding what animals see and how their sight varies to that of humans has been a focal point of many scientists for a long time, but there has been little done to physically visualise it.  

The software is now available for free online for researchers and avid amateurs to use, but its developers claim it is ‘not like an Instagram filter’. 

It can however be used with images taken by off-the-shelf cameras or smartphones, as well as photographs taken by complex scientific apparatus. 

Scroll down for video  


Different vision filters can be used by scientists to simulate how a bee sees the world. In this image, the same photo of a field of bluebells has been manipulated to reveal what it would look like to a human (left) and a bee (right)

The software is now available for free online for researchers and avid amateurs to use, but its developers claim it is ‘not like an Instagram filter’.  It can be used with images taken by off-the-shelf cameras or smartphones, as well as photographs taken by complex scientific apparatus

PhD candidate Cedric van den Berg from University of Queensland’s School of Biological Sciences said it is hard for humans to understand what animals really see. 

‘Most animals have completely different visual systems to humans, so—for many species—it is unclear how they see complex visual information or colour patterns in nature, and how this drives their behaviour,’ he said.

Mr van den Berg led the project to create the comprehensive software, called Quantitative Colour Pattern Analysis (QCPA). 

He referred to the computer software as ‘a collection of innovative digital image processing techniques and analytical tools’ to help image the world through the eyes of an animal.  

Dr Jolyon Troscianko, the study’s co-leader from the University of Exeter, said: ‘We have known for many years that understanding animal vision and signalling depends on combining colour and pattern information, but the available techniques were near impossible to implement without some key advances we developed for this framework.

‘You can even access most of its capabilities by using a cheap (~ $110 AUD, £60 GBP, $80 USD) smartphone to capture photos.’   

Dr Karen Cheney of the University of Queensland, said the framework can be applied to a wide range of habitats and conditions, including underwater. 

‘The flexibility of the framework allows researchers to investigate the colour patterns and natural surroundings of a wide range of organisms, such as insects, birds, fish and flowering plants,’ she said.

‘For example, we can now truly understand the impacts of coral bleaching for camouflaged reef creatures in a new and informative way.’

‘We’re helping people—wherever they are—to cross the boundaries between human and animal visual perception.’

‘It’s really a platform that anyone can build on, so we’re keen to see what future breakthroughs are ahead.’

The study is published in Methods in Ecology and Evolution and can be found online.    

HOW DO ANIMALS SEE?  

Animals, including humans, have a variety of complex structures in their eyes which allow them to see.

The pupil contracts to limit how much light is allowed in, much like a camera lens.  

Most animals have both cones and rods in their eyes, which are called photoreceptors and are found in the retina. 

Cones allow people to see colour and rods are sensitive to low-light levels which allows for a grey scale between black and white.  

Humans, and many other animals, have three types of cones which each absorbs different wavelength of lights. 

With short, medium and long wavelength cones, the range of cones allows for a range of vision which incorporates the visible light spectrum.

This includes colours between red and blue – wavelengths ranging between 390 an 700 nm.

Other species, including many birds,  have four cones instead of three in a mutation known as tertrachromacy. 

This allows for animals to see light of an unusually short wavelength, which is normally considered to be UV light. 

These photoreceptors are triggered by light and then this produces an electrical signal as they change shape. 

Electrical signals are then carried to the brain via the optic nerve. 

Signals from both optic nerves are then brought together by the brain at  a point called the optic chiasm where the brain compares the two images.

This is what gives animals an understanding of depth and how far away objects are in their field of vision.  

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What Oprah Told Tiffany Haddish After She Bombed That 2019 New Year’s Eve Show

After years of working relentlessly in comedy and overcoming massive hurdles such as homelessness, Tiffany Haddish’s Netflix special Black Mitzvah ratifies her booming success. It also acknowledges (read: makes fun of) the multiple fails and stumbles that paved the way, including Haddish’s 2019 New Year’s Eve show in Miami, which she infamously bombed after getting admittedly very, very drunk the night before.

Like most comedians, she’s not afraid to troll herself in front of thousands of people, which is exactly what she does while retelling the story. After pushing through back-to-back jobs and securing an Emmy win and Grammy nomination, it was finally time to let loose and celebrate, she says in the special. Her night of celebration may have gone too far, and the next day, she shared a *very* hungover video to promote her upcoming show. "She was not ready!" Haddish exclaims on stage as she rewatches the video with the crowd.

She woke up the next morning to headlines smearing her name. Still, she says she wasn’t too concerned and she was ready to move on, until she started getting worried phone calls from her biggest mentors in entertainment. She says she got calls from Kevin Hart, Oprah Winfrey, and legendary stand-up comedian Sinbad. "I know that you’re gonna have better shows," Oprah allegedly told her. And Sinbad, she says, gave her the most impactful piece of wisdom of all.

"He said, ‘Tiffany, let me tell you something. I had shows on New Year’s Eve too. And I did bad, man,’" she recalls onstage. "’But you know what’s crazy is, nobody talked about my show. So you know what that means … That means you made it. You a star.’" Haddish wipes a tear from her eye in memory of the conversation, because it was a moment that validated all of her hard work. It was then that she realized even her failures could be successes.

Black Mitzvah is an obvious play on bar mitzvah, which traditionally celebrates a Jewish girl’s maturity on her 12th birthday. But for Haddish, this special represents much more. It pays respect to her father’s Eritrean Jewish roots, which she discusses during the set, it’s a nod to her past life as a bar mitzvah "energy producer" ("I’ve been to like over 500," she says in the special), and it marks her own coming-of-age moment, even though she’s a little older than 12. According to HuffPo, she plans to hold her own official Jewish celebration alongside its Dec. 3 premiere.

Black Mitzvah serves as a point for reflection on the trials she faced in order to achieve; from raising herself, to learning to read at 16, to living through winters out of her Geo Metro. She calls herself a survivor, which she is. And now that she’s officially made it Sinbad’s stamp of approval and all she wants to teach others to do the same, even if that means trolling herself in the process.

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Experts Reveal What Happens To Your Brain When You’re Sleep Deprived

We all sleep for around a third of our time on the planet. While it might seem like a colossal waste of time to some people, sleep is pretty essential for many areas of health — particularly a healthy, functioning brain. There’s a reason only one night’s sleep deprivation makes your brain stop working: the organ requires deep, restful sleep to help repair itself, store data, remove waste, form memories, and many other functions. If you burn the midnight oil, experience insomnia, or just sleep poorly for a few nights, your brain’s nightly routine is disrupted, and you’ll feel it when you wake up.

Far from being relaxed when you’re sleeping, your brain springs into a new phase of activity. "Our brains are very active during sleep and use a lot of energy," Dr. Mary Ellen Wells, Ph.D., the director of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine Neurodiagnostics and Sleep Science Program, tells Bustle. Only a small part of that energy is devoted to dreaming; the rest is spent on cleaning up, consolidating memories, and a host of other tasks. Experts believe this frenzy of activity happens during sleep because the brain can ignore the outside world, and just focus on itself. "While you’re asleep, less data is coming in from your senses, allowing for other systems to function," sleep expert Dr. Michael Breus, Ph.D. tells Bustle.

One way to look at the brain’s activities during sleep, Dr. Wells tells Bustle, is as clean-up. "Research suggests that our brain is doing very important housekeeping work during sleep, such as consolidating memories and sweeping out the neural trash," she says. Sleep is crucial for the process of forming new memories; if you don’t sleep well, your brain doesn’t transfer memories into long-term storage and you’ll have difficulties recalling them later.

Dr. Breus tells Bustle that the brain also uses sleep as a chance to get rid of data it doesn’t need, and to clear out physical waste products. "The brain removes protein and hormonal waste during sleep to keep its cells functioning," he says. A study published in 2019 found that cerebrospinal fluid, which circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord, increases in volume during sleep, possibly so that it can wash away rubbish that accumulated during waking hours. This removal process, Dr. Breus tells Bustle, operates on a circadian schedule; it’s tied to when we sleep and wake up. The accumulation of these waste products is associated with neurodegenerative illnesses like Alzheimer’s, so over time, sleep deprivation may impair your neural connections by clogging them with waste.

Besides cleaning, the brain also needs sleep to replenish itself. "Physical restoration of the brain occurs in stage three and four sleep," Dr. Breus tells Bustle. These are the deepest stages of sleep, when we experience rapid eye movement and dreaming. During this time, the brain goes to work on restoring any damage it’s sustained from during the daytime. "Sleep is the state in which the brain restores the metabolic stores, trims unneeded synapses, reinforces specific connections and overall becomes more energy efficient," Dr. Bradley Vaughn M.D., director of the UNC Sleep Disorders Clinic and professor of neurology, tells Bustle.

Studies have shown that the brain’s self-improvement overnight includes cutting back synapses to make room for new information and repairing damaged areas of cells. A study published in 2019 found that immune cells play a big part in this process; while we sleep, they get to work repairing nerve cells and the connections between them. Research published in Nature Communications in 2019 also suggested that the brain might be repairing damaged DNA in its neurons during the night. While we slumber, the brain is doing serious DIY — and when it’s sleep-deprived, it can’t repair itself and therefore can’t function at peak efficiency.

All of these nighttime functions are designed to help the brain operate at 100% when you wake up in the morning. "Sleep helps your brain prepare for the work of being awake and helps you perform better," Dr. Vaughn says. While you snooze and have odd dreams about cheese, your brain is doing a full spring-clean — so make sure you try to get a good eight or nine hours, and give it a chance to flourish.

Studies cited:

Dworak, M., Mccarley, R. W., Kim, T., Kalinchuk, A. V., & Basheer, R. (2010). Sleep and Brain Energy Levels: ATP Changes during Sleep. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(26), 9007–9016. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.1423-10.2010

Eugene, A. R., & Masiak, J. (2015). The Neuroprotective Aspects of Sleep. MEDtube science, 3(1), 35–40.

Fultz, N.E., Bonmassar, G., Setsompop, K., Stickgold, R.A., Rosen, B.R., Polimeni, J.R., Lewis, L.D. (2019) Coupled electrophysiological, hemodynamic, and cerebrospinal fluid oscillations in human sleep. Science. 366(6465), 628-631, doi: 10.1126/science.aax5440

Hablitz, L. M., Vinitsky, H. S., Sun, Q., Stæger, F. F., Sigurdsson, B., Mortensen, K. N., … Nedergaard, M. (2019). Increased glymphatic influx is correlated with high EEG delta power and low heart rate in mice under anesthesia. Science Advances, 5(2). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5447

Stowell, R.D., Sipe, G.O., Dawes, R.P. et al. (2019) Noradrenergic signaling in the wakeful state inhibits microglial surveillance and synaptic plasticity in the mouse visual cortex. Nat Neurosci 22, 1782–1792, doi:10.1038/s41593-019-0514-0

Zada, D., Bronshtein, I., Lerer-Goldshtein, T. et al. (2019) Sleep increases chromosome dynamics to enable reduction of accumulating DNA damage in single neurons. Nat Commun 10, 895, doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08806-w

Experts:

Dr. Michael Breus Ph.D., sleep expert

Dr. Bradley Vaughn M.D., director of the UNC Sleep Disorders Clinic and professor of neurology

Dr. Mary Ellen Wells Ph.D., director of the UNC School of Medicine Neurodiagnostics and Sleep Science Program

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